Suggested Maximum Rate Schedules Effective January 1, 2023
As approved by the American Council on Gift Annuities on November 21, 2022
As part of a continuous monitoring process, the ACGA Board held a meeting on November 21, 2022 and reviewed the current assumptions inherent in our gift annuity suggested maximum rate schedules. Interest rates have moved higher so far this year, and as such, the move warrants an upward revision to the ACGA’s return assumption. With an upward revision to the ACGA’s return assumption, the Board decided to change the suggested maximum payout rates upward. The Board continues to monitor market and economic conditions and will make changes as conditions warrant.
Generally speaking, the ACGA's suggested maximum rates are designed to produce a target gift for charity at the conclusion of the contract equal to 50% of the funds contributed for the annuity. The rates are further predicated on the following:
 An annuitant mortality assumption equal to a 45% Male/55% Female blend of mortality under the 2012 Individual Annuity Reserving Table (the 2012 IAR)
 A gross investment return expectation of 5.25% (which is up from the previous return assumption of 4.5%) per year on the charity's gift annuity funds
 An expense assumption of 1% per year.
The rate schedule published below became effective on January 1, 2023. For more detailed information about gift annuity rates and the assumptions that underlie them, a revised copy of the full paper on the new ACGA rates effective January 1, 2023 is available in an electronic format free of charge to loggedin ACGA members here. Click here to access our historic rates tables.
Index
Assumptions Underlying Suggested Maximum Gift Annuity Rates
Following is a summary of the major assumptions on which the suggested rates are based.
 Target Residuum.
Since 1955 the ACGA has targeted a residuum (the amount remaining for the charity at the termination of the annuity) of 50% of the original contribution for the gift annuity.^{2} The new rate schedules retain the 50% target residuum, and continue the requirement first applied for the July 2011 rate schedules that the present value (PV) of the residuum be at least 20% of the original contribution for the annuity.
The 20% minimum PV requirement has the effect of reducing rates for annuitants age 59 and under. It is designed to help charities realize a minimum value from gifts whose residua will not be realized for many years. The suggested rates comply with the 10% minimum charitable deduction required under IRC Sec. 514 (c)(5)(A) at Charitable Federal Midterm Rate (CFMR) rates at least equal to 3.6%. NOTE: Particularly in low interest rate environments, charities should perform their own deduction calculations and lower their annuity rates if necessary to meet the 10% minimum deduction requirement.

Mortality Assumptions. The National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) has recommended the use of the 2012 Individual Annuity Reserving Table (2012 IAR), the table is designed to reflect annuitant mortality more accurately over time than the previously used Annuity 2000 table. The ACGA recently concluded our 2020 mortality study which looked at over 50,000 active contracts and with the help of Alberts Actuarial Consulting, we determined that the new “best fit” assumption was a 45%55% blend of the 2012 IAR male and female mortality (see further explanation below).

Expense Assumption. Annual expenses for investment and administration are assumed to be 1.0% of the fair market value of gift annuity reserves.

Investment Return Assumption. The gross annual expected return on immediate payment and deferred payment gift annuity reserves is 5.25%. Both immediate and deferred payment annuity calculations use a net compounding rate of 4.25% (5.25% minus 1% assumed annual expenses).
 Payment Assumption. Annual payments are made in quarterly installments at the end of each period.
The rates for the oldest ages are somewhat lower than the rates that would follow from the above assumptions. Single life rates are capped at 9.7% for annuitants age 90 and above. Single life rates for annuitants between ages 81 and 89 are graduated downward from the rate cap. Two life rates are capped at 9.5% for annuitants above 90 and are graduated downward in a similar way.
^{2}The first table of suggested rates in 1927 was based on a residuum target of 70%.
Additional Assumption for Deferred Gift Annuities
The annual compound interest rate credited during the deferral period for deferred payment gift annuities is 4.25% (the same investment return assumption as for immediate payment gift annuities after subtracting the 1.0% expense assumption). In other words, each dollar contributed for a deferred gift annuity is presumed to grow at an annual compound interest rate of 4.25% between the date of contribution and the annuity starting date.
If payments will be made at the end of the period, which is usually the case, the annuity starting date would be at the beginning of the first period for which a payment is made. For example, if payments will be made quarterly, and the first payment will be made on March 31, 2033, the annuity starting date is January 1, 2033. If payments will be made semiannually, the annuity starting date in this case is October 1, 2033. Assuming that the annuitant will be nearest age 65 on the annuity starting date, and that the period between the contribution date and the annuity starting date is 10.25 years, the compound interest factor is 1.0425^{10.25} or 1.532074. To determine the deferred gift annuity rate, this factor is multiplied by the immediate gift annuity rate, now in effect, for the nearest age of the annuitant at the time payments begin. In this example, the deferred gift annuity rate is 1.532074 times 5.4%, or 8.3% (rounded to the nearest tenth of a percent).
The 4.25% compounding rate applies to the entire compounding period, whatever its length. (At times in the past, the compounding rate for periods in excess of 20 years was less than the compounding rate for the first 20 years of the deferral period.)
Historically, it has sometimes been necessary to apply a slightly lower compounding rate when the deferral period is relatively long in order not to exceed the maximum allowable deferred gift annuity rates allowed by the states of New York and New Jersey. However, this has not been the case for many years.
Procedure for Calculating Suggested Deferred Gift Annuity Rates
 Determine the annuity starting date, which is:
 One year before the first payment, if payments are made annually.
 Six months before the first payment, if payments are made semiannually.
 Three months before the first payment, if payments are made quarterly.
 One month before the first payment, if payments are made monthly.
 Determine the number of whole and fractional years from the date of the contribution to the annuity starting date (the deferral period). Express the fractional year to four decimal places.
 For a deferral period of any length, use the following formula to determine the compound interest factor:
 F = 1.0425 ^{d}, where
 F is the compound interest factor and
 d is the deferral period
Example: If the period between the contribution date and the annuity starting date is 10.25 years, the compound interest factor would be 1.0425^{10.25 }= 1.532074
 Multiply the compound interest factor (F) by the immediate gift annuity rate for the nearest age or ages of a person or persons at the annuity starting date.
Example: If the sole annuitant will be nearest age 65 on the annuity starting date and the compound interest factor is 1.532074, the deferred gift annuity rate would be 1.532074 times 5.4%, or 8.3% (rounded to the nearest tenth of a percent).
Comments:
 The annuity starting date for purposes of calculating the deferred gift annuity rate will be the same as the annuity starting date for calculating the charitable deduction, if payments are at the end of the period (which is usually the case). This was not true with the preJuly 1, 2001 methodology.
 An annuitant is credited with compound interest for the entire period from the date of contribution to the annuity starting date. Under the preJuly, 2001 methodology, compound interest was credited only for the number of whole years between the two dates.
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Single Life Suggested Maximum Gift Annuity Rates
Age

Rate


Age

Rate

518

3.5


69

5.8

1927

3.6


70

5.9

2833

3.7


71

6.0

3438

3.8


72

6.2

3942

3.9


73

6.3

4345

4.0


74

6.4

4647

4.1


75

6.6

4850

4.2


76

6.8

5152

4.3


77

7.0

53

4.4


78

7.2

5455

4.5


79

7.4

56

4.6


80

7.6

5758

4.7


81

7.8

59

4.8


82

8.1

60

4.9


83

8.3

61

5.0


84

8.5

62

5.1


85

8.7

63

5.2


86

8.9

64

5.3


87

9.1

65

5.4


88

9.3

66

5.5


89

9.5

67

5.6


90+

9.7

68

5.7




NOTES:
 The rates are for ages at the nearest birthday.
 For immediate gift annuities, these rates will result in a charitable deduction of more than 10% if the CFMR is 3.6% or higher, whatever the payment frequency. If the Charitable Federal Midterm Rates (CFMR) is less than 3.6%, the deduction might be less than 10% when annuitants are below certain ages.
 For deferred gift annuities with longer deferral periods, the rates may not pass the 10% test when the CFMR is low.
 To avoid adverse tax consequences, the charity should reduce the gift annuity rate to whatever level is necessary to generate a charitable deduction in excess of 10%.
Two Lives  Joint and Survivor Suggested Maximum Gift Annuity Rates
Younger Age

Older Age

Rate


Younger Age

Older Age

Rate

5

5  95+

3.3


72

78  80

5.8

6

6  95+

3.3


72

81  83

5.9

7

7  95+

3.3


72

84  95+

6.0

8

8  95+

3.3


73

73

5.6

9

9  95+

3.3


73

74  75

5.7

10

10  95+

3.3


73

76  78

5.8

11

11  95+

3.3


73

79  80

5.9

12

12  95+

3.3


73

81  83

6.0

13

13  95+

3.3


73

84  95+

6.1

14

14  95+

3.3


74

74

5.7

15

15  95+

3.3


74

75  76

5.8

16

16  95+

3.3


74

77  78

5.9

17

17  95+

3.3


74

79  80

6.0

18

18  95+

3.3


74

81  83

6.1

19

19  95+

3.4


74

84  95+

6.2

20

20  95+

3.4


75

75

5.8

21

21  95+

3.4


75

76  77

5.9

22

22  95+

3.4


75

78  79

6.0

23

23  95+

3.4


75

80  81

6.1

24

24  95+

3.4


75

82  83

6.2

25

25  95+

3.4


75

84  86

6.3

26

26  95+

3.4


75

87  95+

6.4

27

27  95+

3.4


76

76

5.9

28

28  95+

3.5


76

77

6.0

29

29  95+

3.5


76

78  79

6.1

30

30  95+

3.5


76

80  81

6.2

31

31  95+

3.5


76

82  83

6.3

32

32  95+

3.5


76

84  85

6.4

33

33  95+

3.5


76

86  88

6.5

34

34  95+

3.6


76

89  95+

6.6

35

35  95+

3.6


77

77  78

6.1

36

36  95+

3.6


77

79

6.2

37

37  95+

3.6


77

80  81

6.3

38

38  95+

3.6


77

82  83

6.4

39

39  95+

3.7


77

84  85

6.5

40

40  95+

3.7


77

86  87

6.6

41

41  95+

3.7


77

88  90

6.7

42

42  95+

3.7


77

91  95+

6.8

43

43  95+

3.8


78

78

6.2

44

44  95+

3.8


78

79

6.3

45

45  95+

3.8


78

80  81

6.4

46

46

3.8


78

82

6.5

46

47  95+

3.9


78

83  84

6.6

47

47  95+

3.9


78

85  86

6.7

48

48  52

3.9


78

87  88

6.8

48

53  95+

4.0


78

89  91

6.9

49

49  50

3.9


78

92  95+

7.0

49

51  95+

4.0


79

79

6.4

50

50  95+

4.0


79

80  81

6.5

51

51  54

4.0


79

82

6.6

51

55  95+

4.1


79

83  84

6.7

52

52  53

4.0


79

85

6.8

52

54  95+

4.1


79

86  87

6.9

53

53  58

4.1


79

88  89

7.0

53

59  95+

4.2


79

90  92

7.1

54

54  56

4.1


79

93  95+

7.2

54

57  62

4.2


80

80

6.5

54

63  95+

4.3


80

81

6.6

55

55

4.1


80

82

6.7

55

56  60

4.2


80

83

6.8

55

61  95+

4.3


80

84

6.9

56

56  59

4.2


80

85  86

7.0

56

60  64

4.3


80

87

7.1

56

65  95+

4.4


80

88  89

7.2

57

57

4.2


80

90  92

7.3

57

58  62

4.3


80

93  95+

7.4

57

63  67

4.4


81

81

6.7

57

68  95+

4.5


81

82

6.8

58

58  60

4.3


81

83

6.9

58

61  65

4.4


81

84

7.0

58

66  95+

4.5


81

85

7.1

59

59

4.3


81

86

7.2

59

60  63

4.4


81

87  88

7.3

59

64  68

4.5


81

89

7.4

59

69  95+

4.6


81

90  91

7.5

60

60  62

4.4


81

92  95+

7.6

60

63  65

4.5


82

82

6.9

60

66  70

4.6


82

83

7.0

60

71  95+

4.7


82

84

7.1

61

61  64

4.5


82

85

7.2

61

65  68

4.6


82

86

7.3

61

69  72

4.7


82

87

7.4

61

73  95+

4.8


82

88

7.5

62

62  63

4.5


82

89

7.6

62

64  66

4.6


82

90  91

7.7

62

67  69

4.7


82

92  93

7.8

62

70  74

4.8


82

94  95+

7.9

62

75  95+

4.9


83

83

7.2

63

63  64

4.6


83

84

7.3

63

65  67

4.7


83

85

7.4

63

68  71

4.8


83

86

7.5

63

72  75

4.9


83

87

7.6

63

76  95+

5.0


83

88

7.7

64

64  66

4.7


83

89

7.8

64

67  69

4.8


83

90  91

7.9

64

70  72

4.9


83

92

8.0

64

73  76

5.0


83

93  95+

8.1

64

77  95+

5.1


84

84

7.4

65

65

4.7


84

85

7.5

65

66  67

4.8


84

86

7.6

65

68  70

4.9


84

87

7.8

65

71  73

5.0


84

88

7.9

65

74  77

5.1


84

89

8.0

65

78  95+

5.2


84

90

8.1

66

66

4.8


84

91

8.2

66

67  69

4.9


84

92  95+

8.3

66

70  71

5.0


85

85

7.7

66

72  74

5.1


85

86

7.8

66

75  77

5.2


85

87

7.9

66

78  95+

5.3


85

88

8.1

67

67

4.9


85

89

8.2

67

68  70

5.0


85

90

8.3

67

71  72

5.1


85

91

8.4

67

73  75

5.2


85

92  95+

8.5

67

76  78

5.3


86

86

8.0

67

79  95+

5.4


86

87

8.1

68

68

5.0


86

88

8.2

68

69  70

5.1


86

89

8.4

68

71  73

5.2


86

90

8.5

68

74  75

5.3


86

91

8.6

68

76  78

5.4


86

92  95+

8.7

68

79  95+

5.5


87

87

8.3

69

69

5.1


87

88

8.4

69

70  71

5.2


87

89

8.6

69

72  73

5.3


87

90

8.7

69

74  75

5.4


87

91  95+

8.9

69

76  78

5.5


88

88

8.6

69

79  95+

5.6


88

89

8.8

70

70

5.2


88

90

9.0

70

71  72

5.3


88

91  95+

9.1

70

73

5.4


89

89

9.0

70

74  75

5.5


89

90

9.2

70

76  78

5.6


89

91  95+

9.3

70

79  95+

5.7


90

90

9.4

71

71  72

5.4


90

91  95+

9.5

71

73  74

5.5


91

91  95+

9.5

71

75  76

5.6


92

92  95+

9.5

71

77  79

5.7


93

93  95+

9.5

71

80  95+

5.8


94

94  95+

9.5

72

72

5.5


95+

95+

9.5

72

73  74

5.6





72

75  77

5.7





(Top)
